Manchester University caves in to Israeli Embassy pressure

Mike Cushman

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Marika Sherwood
Marika Sherwood

Holocaust survivor Marika Sherwood was due to give a talk at the University of Manchester during Israel Apartheid Week 2017 with the title ‘A Holocaust survivor’s story and the Balfour declaration: You’re doing to the Palestinians what the Nazis did to me’. The University insisted the subtitle be removed and attendance limited to university students and staff only.

The University was reluctant to disclose what led up to this interference with free expression until the Information Commissioner’s Office forced the University to reveal the relevant correspondence. As the Guardian reported on 29 September, the documents revealed that Israeli Embassy pressured the University to insist on the change, alleging that antisemitism lay behind the Holocaust survivor’s choice of title.

I have written to Nancy Rothwell, the University Vice-Chancellor deploring the University’s action and calling for an apology to Ms Sherwood and the students who invited her for disparaging them as antisemites.

I received a totally inadequate standard response from the university and have replied accordingly

The response to my second letter still failed to explain or apologise, so I have tried again

We must be conscious of the hurt that unwarranted claims of antisemitism cause to accused just as we are sensitive to the pain that antisemitic comments cause to Jews.

Dear Professor Rothwell

I was very disappointed to read in in the Guardian yesterday of the censoring of the title of the talk by Marika Sherwood.

It is outrageous that a university should see fit to refuse to allow a survivor of the Holocaust to describe her talk, which comes from her own experience, in the terms that she sees as appropriate. Her chosen title and sub-title were intended to inform your students of how her experiences frame her understanding of Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians. Your refusal is doubly troublesome as it appears that this was not a decision that your University took from your own considerations but in reaction to the representations of a foreign government that requested the suppression of free expression on your campus.

It appears you were told “Both of these events will to [sic] cause Jewish students to feel uncomfortable on campus and that they are being targeted and harassed for their identity as a people and connection to the Jewish state of Israel, I would be grateful if you could look into these events and take the appropriate action.”

Do you have any evidence that your Jewish students were being harassed. If they were I am sure you would take action against the perpetrators but it seems highly unlikely that Ms Sherwood was harassing anybody. Her views may be unwelcome to some of your students but that is no reason for censorship. Surely we expect our students to argue with opinions that they disagree with, not demand they are not heard.

It is particularly distressing to see that the IHRA definition has been used as a weapon to attack free speech. Again the embassy told you, “Comparing Israel to the Nazi regime could reasonably be considered antisemitic, given the context, according to IHRA’s working definition of antisemitism, which is accepted by the British government, the Labour party, the NUS [National Union of Students] and most British universities.”

This statement is misleading in a number of ways. The definition is three lines long and makes no reference to comparisons to the Nazi regime. That is in one of the 11 examples which are not part of the definition and are introduced with the words ‘could, taking into account the overall context include..,’ I am not aware of any evidence of antisemitic intent by Ms Sherwood and, indeed, as a Jewish survivor that seems highly unlikely.

Personally, I hesitate to draw comparisons between Israel and the Nazis because such comparisons short-circuit critical thought and over-simplify but I did not, personally, have to endure Nazi persecution. But I avoid them because they are not the best way to investigate Israel’s activities not because I believe them to be, in themselves, antisemitic.,

Although the definition has been circulated by UUK [Universities UK] at the request of the Minister for Higher Education, I am not aware that most have adopted it. The Labour Party has adopted the short definition but not the examples called in aid by the Embassy. You should be aware of the legal opinion from Hugh Tomlinson QC who lays out the legal risk that any organisation that uses the definition to curtail activity incurs. The opinion, which I urge you to study to prevent your University placing itself in jeopardy, can be downloaded from

I also understand from the report that the University failed in its duty to provide an educational service to its locality by limiting attendance to its own staff and students. We look to our Universities to promote controversial discussion to enrich our public discourse and democracy.

I hope that your University will reflect upon this unhappy episode and apologise to Ms Sherwood and the students who invited her for, in effect, calling them antisemites – a most serious allegation. I hope, also, that the University will reflect on its actions and resolve to handle such events better in future.

Yours sincerely

Mike Cushman

The University’s response

Dear Mr. Cushman,

I am writing in response to your email to the President & Vice-Chancellor who is currently away from the University  The statement given below which has been issued by the University on this matter should reassure you.


“Events held on campus are reviewed under the University’s Code of Practice on Freedom of Speech if they concern potentially controversial topics and whenever they involve external speakers. This includes events organised through and in the University of Manchester Students’ Union. In deciding whether or not an event should go ahead, the University pays due regard to all relevant legislation, including the Equality Act 2010.

However, such legislation does not act to prohibit completely the expression of controversial views. In this case the University allowed the events to proceed in line with the requirements of the Act and our commitment to principles of freedom of speech and expression.”

Yours sincerely,

Roz Dutton (Mrs.)
Executive Assistant to the President & Vice-Chancellor

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My reply

Dear Mrs Dutton

You may be unsurprised to learn that your pro-forma response reassures me not at all.

I am surprised at your reference ‘, such legislation does not act to prohibit completely the expression of controversial views’ . You have not cited any aspect of the Equality Act which would deter the university from allowing Ms Sherwood to speak to her chosen title nor reassured me that the University has a predisposition to free expression of views that may be unwelcomed by some individual s or groups: something I take to be a central purpose of any institution of higher education.

You have not responded to my concern that you have unfairly branded Ms Sherwood and the students who invited her as antisemites; nor have you stated that it was not concerns about the IHRA working definition of antisemitism that framed your decision. Neither have you commented on the pressure that the Israeli Embassy appears to have exerted on the University. You have also failed to point to any harassment of Jewish students by Ms Sherwood or the students who invited her. Nor have you commented on the exclusion of Manchester residents from an event that may well have interested a number of them.

You have sent me a standard response to a set of concerns that I did not raise and failed to respond to a single one of the issues I articulated in my letter.

I await a considered response to the substantive, and I believe important, points I raised in my letter.

Yours sincerely

Mike Cushman

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The University’s further response

Dear Mr.  Cushman,

I refer to your e-mail of 2 October 2017 and apologise for the delay in providing a response.

To be clear, at  no point have we branded Ms. Sherwood nor the students who invited her as antisemites.  The University allowed the event in question to proceed in line with the requirements of the Equality Act 2010 and its commitment to principles of freedom of speech and expression.

For information, the University has not adopted the IHRA definition of anti-Semitism, whether explicitly or otherwise; this position is endorsed by Universities UK.

Yours sincerely,

Roz Dutton (Mrs.)

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My further reply

Dear Professor Rothwell,

I am pleased to hear that your University has not adopted the IHRA definition. However, I am now at a loss to understand why the full title of Ms Sherwood’s talk was disallowed and why attendance was limited to students and staff.

The only interpretation I am left with, unless you can provide an alternative explanation, is that someone believed a holocaust survivor’s statement ‘You’re doing to Palestinians what the Nazis did to me’ to be antisemitic. Thus the University has, even if unintentionally, accused Ms Sherwood and the students involved as antisemites. This is a very hurtful and damaging accusation.

Given this, the University is under a strong moral obligation to apologise to Ms Sherwood and the students for inadvertently giving the impression that you regarded them as antisemites.  In order to secure closure on these unfortunate events, this must be accompanied by a clear explanation of why Ms Sherwood’s full preferred title was disallowed so that the record can be set straight.

Yours sincerely

Mike Cushman

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Further correspondence will be posted here if and when it appears

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2 thoughts on “Manchester University caves in to Israeli Embassy pressure”

  1. University is supposed to be a time young people learn to analyse evidence for themselves. There is nothing useful about showing only what one group of society what’s learnt.

    1. May I add the letter I sent to the MCR Univ V-Chancellor?
      It’s rude, but so’s the offence; best not gild the thrust:

      >> (Email title: “Please “Keep your hands clean”)
      Dear Vice Chancellor –
      I’m hearing blips from contacts that your Univ is acting to oppose expression by movements such as ‘BDS’. If so, remember the traditional Edmund Burke :
      “I may not agree with you but I will fight to the death for your right to say it.”
      Please uphold this as a principle.
      Free speech is the only way we are going to get a University’s job done..
      Freedom is a great stimulus and – so far – our birthright.
      Yrs – S Fry – Oxford.

      > Fired by the evasive form letter reply I let rip:

      >> It seems to me that the whole point of university is to hold ‘potentially controversial events’
      – and never to subject them to any prior screening for controversiality
      – if not, it becomes a second-class university.
      This freedom is what I felt in my short time at Oxford
      – I never heard of the name of an event being changed because some country or ethnic group didn’t like it – and this has stimulated me ever since.
      And to complain that a headline
      ‘You’re doing to Palestinians what the Nazis did to me’
      – which is quite obviously merely putting a strong flavour on a strong and real issue –
      is automatically offensive to Jews as a group is
      – well, just, very (intellectually) weak indeed.
      The impression is of simply caving in before pressure –
      which is simply second-rate.
      Want to be thought of as a first-class university?
      I remember that wonderful speech by the MCR poet after the bombing
      – ‘we will never be bullied’ –
      that is what Manchester is about, I think …
      So deep down, I think maybe you should be ashamed of letting Manchester down… ?
      In hope (for us all),
      Yrs .. etc
      (What I remembered)
      In Oct.(?) 1962 some 1,000 (200?) bearded persons occupied the West side of an ultra-wide street in Oxford, shouting “Hands off Cuba!”. I and Charles Arnold and Andrew Campbell stood by the East wall and shouted “We back Jack” for as long as they. (A real university: freedom of shout.)

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